Realizing Solution-Phase Room Temperature Quantum Coherence in a Tetrathiafulvalene-Based Diradicaloid Complex


Molecular electron spins are promising candidates as scalable and tunable qubits but often suffer from air sensitivity or other undesirable decomposition pathways. Furthermore, significant spin‒lattice relaxation and nuclear spin-mediated decoherence limit their applications. While significant advances in the synthesis of new molecular electron spin qubit candidates have led to improved coherence lifetimes, one key question is whether coherence can be maintained under conditions relevant for employment as quantum sensors, for instance in solution and at room temperature for sensing in biological systems. Here we report a tetrathiafulvalene-based molecular qubit candidate with spin centered on a nuclear spin-free bridging ligand. This unique air and water-stable scaffold exhibits a long spin decoherence time of hundreds of nanoseconds at ambient temperatures and in nuclear spin-rich protonated solvents. These results distinguish this system as a promising candidate for the development of novel room temperature, solution-phase quantum sensing technologies, and suggest that molecular electron spin qubits can be ideal candidates for these applications.


Supplementary material

Supporting Information
Detailed experimental and spectroscopic procedures.