Updates on Hydrogen Value Chain: A Strategic Roadmap

18 May 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


A strategic roadmap for non-carbonized fuels is a global priority, and the reduction of CO2 emissions is a key focus of the Paris Agreement to mitigate the effects of rising temperatures. In this context, hydrogen (H2) is a promising non-carbonized fuel, but the pace of its implementation will depend on the engineering advancements made at each step of its value chain. To accelerate its adoption, various applications of hydrogen across industries, transport, power, and building sectors have been identified, where it can be used as a feedstock, fuel, or energy carrier and storage. However, widespread usage of hydrogen will depend on its political, industrial, and social acceptance. It is essential to carefully assess the hydrogen value chain and compare it with existing solar technologies. The major challenge to widespread adoption of hydrogen is its cost as outlined in the roadmap for hydrogen. It needs to be produced at the levelized cost of hydrogen (LCOH) of less than $2/kg to be competitive with the established process of steam methane reforming. Therefore, this review provides a comprehensive analysis of each step of the hydrogen value chain, outlining both the current challenges and recent advances.


Value chain


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