On supercooling a liquid, the viscosity rises rapidly until at the glass transition it vitrifies into an amorphous solid accompanied by a steep drop in the heat capacity. Therefore, a pure homogeneous liquid is not expected to display more than one glass transition. Here we show that a family of homogeneous non-polymeric liquids—titanium tetraalkoxides—do exhibit two calorimetric glass transitions of comparable magnitude, one of which is the conventional glass transition associated with dynamic arrest of the bulk liquid properties, while the other is associated with the freezing out of intramolecular degrees of freedom. Such intramolecular vitrification is likely to be found in molecules in which low-frequency terahertz intramolecular motion is strongly coupled to the surrounding liquid.
Double glass transitions in single-component homogeneous liquids due to intramolecular vitrification
11 May 2023, Version 3
This content is an early or alternative research output and has not been peer-reviewed by Cambridge University Press at the time of posting.