Opportunities and Challenges in Applying Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy in Organic Mechanochemistry

09 May 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


In recent years it was shown that mechanochemical strategies can be beneficial in directed conversions of organic compounds. Finding new reactions proved difficult, and due to the lack of mechanistic understanding of mechanochemical reaction events, respective efforts have mostly remained empirical. Spectroscopic techniques are crucial in shedding light on these questions. In this overview, we discuss the opportunities and challenges of solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy in the field of organic mechanochemistry. After a brief discussion of the basics of high-resolution solid-state NMR under magic-angle spinning (MAS) conditions, we present seven opportunities for solid-state NMR in the field of organic mechanochemistry, ranging from ex-situ approaches to structurally elucidate reaction products obtained by milling to the potential and limitations of in-situ solid-state NMR approaches. Particular strengths of solid-state NMR, for instance in differentiating polymorphs, in NMR-crystallographic structure-determination protocols, or in detecting weak noncovalent interactions in molecular-recognition events employing proton-detected solid-state NMR experiments at fast MAS frequencies, are discussed.


Solid-state NMR
ball milling
organic chemistry


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.