The setup of QM/MM calculations is not trivial since many decisions have to be made by the simulation scientist to achieve reasonable and consistent results. The main challenge to be tackled is the construction of the QM region to make sure to take into account all important parts of the adjacent environment and exclude less important ones. In our previous work [J. Chem. Theory Comput. 65, 18, 2584–2596 (2022)], we introduced the point charge variation analysis (PCVA) as a simple and reliable tool to systematically construct QM regions based on the sensitivity of the reaction energy with respect to variations of the MM point charges. Here, we assess several simplified variants of this PCVA approach for the example of catechol O-methyltransferase and apply PCVA for another system, the triosephosphate isomerase. Furthermore, we extend its scope by applying it to a DNA system. Our results indicate that PCVA offers an efficient and versatile approach of the automatic construction of atom-economical QM regions, but also identify possible pitfalls and limitations.
Additional tables and figures.