Electronic Couplings for Singlet Fission Processes Based on The Fragment Particle-Hole Densities

19 April 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


A new diabatization scheme is proposed to calculate the electronic couplings for the singlet fission process in multichromophoric systems. In this approach, a robust descriptor that treats single and multiple excitations on an equal footing is adopted to quantify the localization degree of the particle and hole densities of the electronic states. By maximally localizing the particles and holes in terms of predefined molecular fragments, quasi-diabatic states with well-defined characters (locally excited, charge transfer, correlated triplet pair, etc.) can be automatically constructed as the linear combinations of the adiabatic ones, and the electronic couplings can be directly obtained. This approach is very general in that it applies to electronic states with various spin multiplicities and can be combined with various kinds of preliminary electronic structure calculations. Due to the high numerical efficiency, it is able to manipulate more than 100 electronic states in diabatization. The applications to the tetracene dimer and trimer reveals that high-lying multiply-excited charge transfer states have significant influences on both the formation and separation of the correlated triplet pair, and can even enlarge the coupling for the latter process by one order of magnitude.


singlet fission
charge-transfer state
locally excited state
triplet-pair state


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