Development of MoS2 doping strategy for ehanced SO2 detection at room temperature

18 April 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Despite significant efforts to limit the use of fossil fuels, SO2 remains a major air pollutant that adversely affects human health and the environment, especially in heavily industrialized regions of developing countries. Consequently, effective and sustainable methods of SO2 monitoring remain vital issues for detector development. However, despite decades of progress, current solutions based on resistive sensors remain limited by poor sensing performance of semiconducting materials when operated at room temperature and thus suffer from high power consumption due to heating. One solution could be to employ novel 2D semiconductor nanomaterials like MoS2, which have shown good room-temperature performance for gases such as NO2 and NH3. However, they have also shown limited response to other gases, which on the other hand, can be improved by substitutional doping. Consequently, this work investigates, employing density functional theory, the doping of MoS2 with Si, P, Cl, Ge, and Se to improve its SO2 sensing capability. The results show that P doping facilitates all desired effects with the electronic bandgap of MoS2 preserved at 0.72 nm–2 doping concentration, molecule-sheet charge transfers enhanced by 300%, and moderate binding energies that enable effective surface diffusion of SO2 at 300 K.


transition metal dichalcogenides
gas sensing


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