A simple, sustainable route to flexible microporous carbon cloth for energy storage applications

06 April 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Activated carbon cloth (ACC) has the potential to be extremely useful in gas capture and storage applications as it combines high porosity, robustness, and flexibility with ease of handling. While it has been produced by a few researchers, the synthesis methods used to date either do not yield a product with high porosity, or if appropriate textural properties are achieved the synthesis is com- plex and arduous. Following a systematic study, we show that an almost exclusively microporous flexible ACC can be achieved with surface area >1900 m2 g−1 via stabilisation with NH4Cl only, followed by activation with benign activating agent potassium oxalate (PO). After extensive opti- misation and simplification of the process, it was found that the stabilisation step can be omitted in a synthesis route requiring only a simple carbonisation step to produce a flexible microporous carbon with surface area >2200 m2 g−1, thus further reducing the need for additional solvents and reagents. The CO2 and CH4 uptake of the ACCs developed in this work is comparable to that previously reported for flexible porous carbons prepared via more complicated routes and the porosity of the ACCs can be tuned to specific gas uptake applications according to the synthesis conditions.


activated carbon
CO2 capture
Activated carbon cloth
methane storage
flexible materials
sustainable synthesis

Supplementary materials

supplementary graphs and tables
Raw isotherms used in this work in aif format


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