Multi-stimuli-Responsive and Cell Membrane Camouflaged AIE Nanogels for Precise Chemo-Photothermal Synergistic Therapy of Tumors


Targeted and controllable drug release at lesion sites with the aid of visual navigation in real-time is of great significance for precise theranostics of cancers. Benefiting from the marvellous features (e.g. bright emission and phototheranostic effect in aggregates) of aggregation-induced emission (AIE) materials, constructing AIE-based multifunctional nanocarriers that act as all-rounders to integrate multimodalities for precise theranostics is highly desirable. Here, an intelligent nanoplatform ([email protected]) with homologous targeting, controllable drug release, and in vivo dual-modal imaging for precise chemo-photothermal synergistic therapy is proposed. AIE photothermic agent (TN) and anticancer drug (Dox) are encapsulated in thermo-/pH-responsive nanogels (PNA), and the tumor cell membranes are camouflaged onto the surface of nanogels. Active targeting can be realized through homologous effects derived from source tumor cell membranes, which significantly elevates the specific drug delivery to tumor sites. After being engulfed into tumor cells, the nanogels exhibit a burst drug release at low pH. The near-infrared (NIR)-photoinduced local hyperthermia can activate severe cytotoxicity and further accelerate drug release, thus generating enhanced synergistic chemo-photothermal therapy to thoroughly eradicate tumors. Moreover, [email protected] nanogels could achieve NIR-fluorescence/photothermal dual-modal imaging to monitor dynamic distribution of therapeutics in real-time. This work highlights the great potential of smart [email protected] nanogels as a versatile nanoplatform to integrate multimodalities for precise chemo-photothermal synergistic therapy in combating cancers.