Larvicidal activity of thiazolidinedione derivatives against Aedes aegypti larvae and toxicological studies with zebrafish embryos

20 March 2023, Version 2
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


BACKGROUND: Diseases caused by arboviruses are currently a worldwide public health problem. These diseases have the Aedes aegypti mosquito as the main transmission vector, and the main strategy to combat their spread is the interruption of the mosquito life cycle in its early stages. In this study, we synthesized thirteen thiazolidinedione derivatives (3a-3m) that were applied in a larvicide-based strategy against the Ae. aegypti vector and submitted to evaluation of toxicological effects. RESULTS: Microwave process intensification was utilized for the synthesis of thiazolidinedione derivatives (3a-3m). One thiazolidinedione derivative stands out (3a) with lethal concentrations (LC50-24 h) of 7.71 μg mL-1 (32.16 μmol L-1). It showed embryotoxicity to zebrafish at concentrations up to 1.0 μg mL-1 and mortality from 3.1 up to 100 μg mL-1. No biochemical disturbances occurred based on GST and LDH measurements. A para-substituted chlorine atom instead of hydrogen improves toxicity profile. CONCLUSION: The substitution pattern with a chlorine atom suggests a larvicidal activity. From the compounds tested, (Z)-5-(4-chlorobenzylidene)thiazolidine-2,4-dione (3a) was the most effective against Ae. Aegypti, showing embryotoxicity to zebrafish.


Pest management
Aedes aegypti

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information
Data containing NMR spectra.


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.