Ab Initio-Based Metric for Predicting the Protectiveness of Surface Films in Aqueous Media

16 March 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Materials can passivate by forming surface films when placed in aqueous media. However, these films may or may not be stable, and their stability can be predicted by a metric called the Pilling-Bedworth Ratio (PBR). In this article, we extend PBR to predict passivation protectiveness of multi-component materials. We then evaluate this new PBR (ePBR)'s effectiveness by comparing its predictions against experimental studies of 21 multi-element materials of diverse chemistries, with agreement for 17 of the materials. Finally, we encode the methodology to compute ePBR in a web-application to predict the protectiveness of 140,000+ materials in the Materials Project database.


ab initio
pilling-bedworth ratio
first principles
electrochemical stability


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