In Vivo Chemiluminescence Induced Combinational Chemo-Photodynamic Therapy for Tumor Inhibition

Abstract

The combination of stimuli-activable prodrug based chemotherapy and photodynamic therapy (PDT) has attracted increasing attention. Recent studies have verified the effectiveness of this strategy in the treatment of multiple aggressive cancers. However, in such combination, the stimuli-responsive chemotherapy and PDT have their own problems that need to be overcome. The uneven distribution of endogenous stimuli within tumor tissues makes it difficult for prodrug to be completely activated. And the inadequate tissue penetration depth of external light results in low efficiency of PDT. Aiming at these two bottlenecks, we designed a biocompatible dextran based - multi-component nanomedicine (PCL-NPs) that integrate a chemiluminescence agent luminol, a photosensitizer chlorine e6 (Ce6), and a reactive oxygen species (ROS)-activable thioketal-based paclitaxel (PTX) prodrug. The presence of overexpressed hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) inside tumor oxidizes the luminol moiety to generate in-situ light for PDT through chemiluminescence resonance energy transfer (CRET). The singlet oxygen (1O2) produced in this process not only directly kills tumor cells but also amplifies oxidative stress to accelerate the activation of PTX prodrug. We propose that the PCL-NPs have great therapeutic potential by simultaneously enhancing chemotherapy and PDT in a combination therapy.

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Supplementary material

Supplementary Materials
Experimental details and supplementary figures