Structural Characterization and Bonding Analysis of [Hg{Fe(CO)5}2]2+ [SbF6]-2


The non-classical carbonyl complex [Hg{Fe(CO)5}2]2+ [SbF6]-2 is prepared by reaction of Hg(SbF6)2 and excess Fe(CO)5 in anhydrous HF. The single-crystal X-ray structure reveals a linear Fe-Hg-Fe moiety as well as an eclipsed conformation of the eight basal CO ligands. Interestingly, the Hg-Fe bond length of 2.5745(7) Angstrom is relatively similar to the corresponding Hg-Fe bonds in literature-known [Hg{Fe(CO)4}2]2- dianions (2.52-2.55 Angstrom) which intrigued us to analyze the bonding situation in both the dications and dianions with the EDA-NOCV method. Both species are best described as Hg(0) compounds which are also confirmed by the shape of the HOMO-4 and HOMO-5 of the dication and dianion, respectively, in which the electron pair is located mainly at the Hg. Furthermore, for the dication and the dianion the sigma-backdonation from Hg into the [Fe(CO)5]22+ or the [Fe(CO)4]22- fragment is the most dominant orbital interaction and surprisingly these interaction energies are also very similar even in absolute values. The fact that both iron-based fragments are missing two electrons explains their prominent sigma-acceptor properties.


Supplementary material

Structural Characterization and Bonding Analysis of [Hg{Fe(CO)5}2]2+ [SbF6]-2
experimental details, spectroscopic and computational data