Spiroindoles as Intermediates/Products in Transition Metal Catalyzed Dearomatization of Indoles

06 March 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Spirocyclic indole derivatives are fascinating tridimensional molecular scaffolds, from both a synthetic and biological point of view. Among the diversity of strategies developed to access this kind of structures, transition metal catalysis recently led to impressive advances, especially in order to tame the unique reactivity of the dearomatized spirocyclic intermediates. These species can indeed evolve towards both spirocyclic or non-spirocyclic products through rearomatization-driven processes which are at the same time highly challenging to control but also source of a large structural diversity. This review highlights the most prominent methods of the last decade allowing to trigger a spirocyclization on indole derivatives tethered with a transition metal-activable functional group, leading to both spirocyclic and rearomatized products. The discussion is particularly focused on the reactivity and the complex mechanistic features regarding the evolution of the spiroindoleninium intermediate, highly dependent on the catalytic system.


Transition metal catalysis


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.