Temperature Dependence of the Relative Rates of Chlorination and Hydrolysis of N2O5 in NaCl-Water Solutions.

07 February 2023, Version 3
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


We have measured the temperature dependence of the ClNO2 product yield in competition with hydrolysis following N2O5 uptake to aqueous NaCl solutions. For NaCl-D2O solutions spanning 0.0054 M to 0.21 M, the ClNO2 product yield decreases on average by only 43 % from 5 to 25 C. Less reproducible measurements at 0.54 M and 2.4 M NaCl also fall within this range. The ratio of the rate constants for chlorination and hydrolysis of N2O5 in D2O is determined on average to be 1150±90 at 25 C up to 0.21 M NaCl, favoring chlorination. This ratio is observed to decrease significantly at the two highest concentrations. An Arrhenius analysis reveals that the activation energy for hydrolysis is just 3.0±1.5 kJ/mol larger than for chlorination up to 0.21 M, indicating that Cl- and D2O attack on N2O5 have similar energetic barriers despite the differences in charge and complexity of these reactants. In combination with the measured pre-exponential ratio favoring chlorination of {300\ }_{-200}^{+400}, we conclude that the strong preference of N2O5 to undergo chlorination over hydrolysis is driven by dynamic and entropic, rather than enthalpic, factors. Molecular dynamics simulations elucidate the distinct solvation between strongly hydrated Cl- and the hydrophobically solvated N2O5. Combining this molecular picture with the Arrhenius analysis implicates the role of water in mediating interactions between such distinctly solvated species and suggests a role for diffusion limitations on the chlorination reaction.


Competative Reactions
Gas-Liquid Interactions

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information for Temperature Dependence of the Relative Rates of Chlorination and Hydrolysis of N2O5 in NaCl-Water Solutions
This Supporting Information is divided into three sections. The first section collects and plots the full set of experimental data and provides a statistical analysis. The second section describes the flow reactor in more detail. The third section describes the theoretical methods used to generate Figure 6 and its analysis.


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.