Lateral Charge Migration in 1D Semiconductor-Metal Hybrid Photocatalytic Systems

01 February 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Colloidal nanorods based on CdS or CdSe functionalized with metal particles have proven to be efficient catalysts for light driven hydrogen evolution. Seeded CdSe@CdS nanorods have shown increasing performance with increasing rod length. This observation was rationalized by the increasing lifetime of the separated charges, as a large distance between holes localized in the CdSe seed and electrons localized at the metal tip decreases their recombination rate. However, the impact of nanorod length on electron-to-tip localization efficiency or pathway remained an open question. Therefore, we investigated the photo-induced electron transfer to the metal in a series of Ni tipped CdSe@CdS nanorods with varying length. We find that the transfer processes occurring from the region close to the semiconductor-metal interface, the rod region, and the CdSe seed region depend in different ways on the rods length. The rate of the fastest process from excitonic states generated directly at the interface is independent of the rod length but the relative amplitude decreases with increasing rod length as the weight of the interface region is decreasing. The transfer of electrons to the metal tip from excitons generated in the CdS rod region depends strongly on the length of the nanorods which indicates an electron transport limited process, i.e., electron diffusion towards the interface region followed by fast interface crossing. The transfer originating from CdSe excitonic states again shows no significant length dependence in its time constant as it is probably limited by the rate of overcoming the shallow confinement in the CdSe seed.


charge-carrier transport
colloidal nanocrystals
hydrogen evolution
transient absorption spectroscopy

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information
synthetic protocols and sample characterization with information on the methodologies utilized


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