Solar driven in-air plasma discharge for effective activation of water flow through self-suction mechanism

23 January 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Plasma activated water(PAW) is water that is treated with cold plasma discharge. The dissolved reactive oxygen and nitrogen species in PAW are desirable for wastewater treatment, environment remediation, food processing and storage, enhanced plant growth in agriculture and many other applications. In this work, we develop microbubble-enhanced PAW production through a self-suction mechanism. Microbubbles form under the strong turbulence effect at the throat of a cavitation tube, transferring active species into a stream of water. As demonstrated by degradation rate of sulfathiazole, a model antibiotic compound in water, the main parameters identified from our experiments to be essential for the activation efficiency are the design of the cavitation tube, the flow rate of the water stream, and the distance from the discharge to the flow. Our three-dimensional numerical simulations reveal the impact of the tube dimensions on the multiphase flow characteristics. The simplicity of self-suction mechanism allowed us to set up a solar-driven, stand-alone cold plasma system to generate PAW outdoor. The as-prepared PAW can boost the growth rate of bean and peanut sprouts in hydroponics about 80% and 66%, respectively. The portable PAW production may open the door to even broader applications of field activated water for applications in sustainable agriculture and in environment remediation.


cold plasma
cavitation tube
antibiotic degradation
plant growth
Numerical simulation


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