P-T phase diagram of phosphorus revisited

19 January 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Melting and phase transitions of phosphorus allotropes have been studied in the 2-11 GPa pressure range using in situ electrical resistivity measurements and synchrotron X-ray diffraction. It has been found that melting curve of rhombohedral phosphorus exhibits positive slope of 58(2) K/GPa and crosses the rhombohedral-simple cubic phase boundary (negative slope of -420(70) K/GPa) at about 8.3 GPa and 1490 K. Melting slope of simple cubic phosphorus can be evaluated as +300(90) K/GPa. Calculations of phosphorus phase equilibria have been performed using our experimental and literature data in the framework of the phenomenological thermodynamics. The constructed equilibrium p-T phase diagram accurately describes experimentally observed phase relations in solid and liquid phosphorus up to 12 GPa and 2000 K.


high pressure
high temperature
phase transitions
phase diagram


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