Synthesis and Characterization of Stable Cu-Pt Nanoparticles under Reductive and Oxidative Conditions

13 January 2023, Version 1


We report a synthesis method for highly monodisperse Cu-Pt alloy nanospheres. Small and large Cu-Pt particles with a Cu:Pt ratio of 1:1 can be obtained through colloidal synthesis at 300 °C. The fresh particles have a Pt-rich surface and a Cu-rich core and can be converted into an intermetallic phase after annealing at 800 °C under H2. First, we demonstrated the stability of fresh particles under redox conditions at 400 °C, as the Pt-rich surface prevents substantial oxidation of Cu. Then, a combination of in situ scanning transmission electron microscopy, in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and CO oxidation measurements of the intermetallic CuPt phase before and after redox treatments at 800 °C showed promising activity and stability for CO oxidation. Full oxidation of Cu was prevented after exposure to O2 at 800 °C. The activity and structure of the particles was only slightly changed after exposure to O2 at 800 °C and were recovered after re-reduction at 800 °C. Additionally, the intermetallic CuPt phase showed enhanced catalytic properties compared to the fresh particles with a Pt-rich surface or pure Pt particles of the same size. Thus, the incorporation of Pt with Cu does not lead to a rapid deactivation and degradation of the material, as seen with other bimetallic systems. This work provides a synthesis route to control the design of Cu-Pt nanostructures and underlines the promising properties of these alloys (intermetallic and non-intermetallic) for heterogeneous catalysis.


CO oxidation
Cu-Pt nanoparticles
in situ

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information
Supporting Information for the main manuscript. Contains additional details with TEM images, XAS data, DFT calculations


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