Lignin-Based Covalent Adaptable Network Resins for Digital Light Projection 3D Printing

12 January 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


3D printing is a low cost, customizable, and fast-growing technology with the potential to revolutionize plastic manufacturing. Vat photopolymerization 3D printing technologies stand out for their high resolution, however, the resulting printed materials are made from petroleum feedstocks and are covalently crosslinked which renders them unrecyclable. Here, resin formulations with 70 wt % bio-based content and dynamic functionality are synthesized and printed using lignin, vanillin, and soybean oil components. These printed polymers can undergo dynamic transesterification due to the methacrylated lignin (LMA) to allow for self-healing capabilities; therefore, potentially increasing the materials lifetimes compared to traditional thermoset materials, offsetting the use of traditional petroleum-based resins, and lowering their environmental impact. The LMA also provides the thermosets with better mechanical performance and thermal stability in comparison to the controls. Additionally, compatibility with 3D printing technologies improves the competitiveness of biobased plastics with conventional materials.


3D printing
dynamic covalent chemistry
covalent adaptable networks


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