Herein we report a method to extract formation energies from oxidation states, which we call FEFOS. This new scheme predicts the formation energies of binary oxides through analysing unary oxide formation energies as a function of their oxidation states. Taking averages of fitted quadratic equations that represent how elements respond to oxidation and reduction, the weights of these averages are determined by constraing the compound to be neutral. The performance of FEFOS results in mean absolute errors of ca. 0.10 eV/atom when tested against Materials Project data for oxides with general formulas A1–zBzO, A1–zBzO1.5, and A1–zBzO2 with specific coordinations. Our FEFOS method not only allows for the prediction of binary oxide formation energies with low variance and high interpretability, but also compares well with state-of-the-art deep learning methods without being biased by training data and the need for large resources to compute it. Finally, we discuss the potential applications of the FEFOS method in tackling the problem of inverse design for catalysis.
Supporting Information for: FEFOS: A method to derive oxide formation energies from oxidation states