Poly(Heptazine Imide) Ligand Exchange Enables Remarkable Low Catalyst Loadings in Heterogeneous Metallaphotocatalysis

20 December 2022, Version 1


The development of heterogeneous metallaphotocatalysis is of great interest for sustainable organic synthesis. The rational design and controllable preparation of well-defined (site-isolated) metal/photo bifunctional solid catalysts to meet such goals remain a critical challenge. Herein, we demonstrate the incorporation of privileged homogeneous bipyridyl-based Ni-catalysts into highly ordered and crystalline potassium poly(heptazine imide) (K-PHI). A variety of PHI-supported cationic bipyridyl-based Ni catalysts (LnNi-PHI) have been prepared and fully characterized by various techniques, including NMR, ICP-OES, XPS, HAADF-STEM, and XAS. The LnNi-PHI catalysts exhibit exceptional chemical stability and recyclability in diverse C−P, C−S, C−O, and C−N cross-coupling reactions. The proximity and cooperativity effects in LnNi-PHI significantly enhance the photo/Ni dual catalytic activity, thus resulting in low catalyst loadings and high turnover numbers.


Supplementary materials

Supporting Information
Supporting Information


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