Water increases Faradaic selectivity of Li-mediated nitrogen reduction.

12 December 2022, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


The lithium-mediated system catalyses nitrogen to ammonia under ambient conditions. Herein we discover that trace amount of water - in contrast to prior reports from the literature – can effect a dramatic improvement in the Faradaic selectivity of N2 reduction to NH3. We report an optimal water concentration of 35.5 mM and LiClO4 salt concentration of 0.8 M allows a Faradaic efficiency up to 27.7% at ambient pressure. We attribute the increase in Faradaic efficiency to the incorporation of Li2O in the solid electrolyte interphase, as suggested by our X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements. Our results highlight the extreme sensitivity of lithium mediated N2 reduction to small changes in the experimental conditions.


Nitrogen reduction
electrochemical ammonia synthesis

Supplementary materials

Water increases Faradaic selectivity of Li-mediated nitrogen reduction - Supporting Information
Supporting Information available: Materials, ammonia quantification, water concentration measurements, working electrode stability, experiments list, XPS measurements.


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.