One of the biggest obstacles to successful polymer property prediction is an effective representation that accurately captures the sequence of repeat units in a polymer. Motivated by the successes of data augmentation in computer vision and natural language processing, we explore augmenting polymer data by rearranging the molecular representation while preserving the correct connectivity, revealing additional substructural information that is not present in a single representation. We evaluate the effects of this technique on the performance of machine learning models trained on three experimental polymer datasets and compare them to common molecular representations. Data augmentation improves deep learning property prediction performance compared to equivalent (non-augmented) representations. In datasets where the target property is primarily influenced by the polymer sequence rather than experimental parameters, this data augmentation technique provides the molecular embedding with more information to improve property prediction accuracy.
Supplementary Information: Augmenting Polymer Datasets by Iterative Rearrangement