Azaborine as a Versatile Weak Donor for Deep Blue Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence

30 November 2022, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Extensive research has been devoted to the development of thermally activated delayed fluorescence emitters showing pure-blue emission, especially for use in lighting and full-color display applications. Herein, we report a novel weak donor, 1,4-azaborine (AZB), with complementary electronic and structural properties compared to the widely used dimethylacridan (DMAC) or carbazole (Cz) donors. Coupled with a triazine acceptor, AZB-Ph-TRZ is the direct structural analogue of the high-performance and well-studied green TADF emitter DMAC-TRZ, and has a ΔEST of 0.39 eV, a photoluminescence quantum yield (FPL) of 27% and a λPL at 415 nm in 10 wt% doped mCP films. A shortened analogue AZB-TRZ possesses red-shifted emission with a reduced singlet-triplet gap (ΔEST of 0.01 eV) and fast reverse intersystem crossing (kRISC, of 5 × 106 s-1) in mCP. Despite a moderate FPL of 34%, OLEDs with AZB-TRZ in mCP showed sky-blue emission with CIE1931(x,y) of (0.22,0.39) and a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQEmax) of 10.5%. Expanding the chemist’s toolkit for the design of blue donor-acceptor TADF materials will enable yet further advances in the future, as AZB is paired with a wider range of acceptor groups.


thermally activated delayed fluorescence
organic light-emitting diode

Supplementary materials

Electronic Supporting Information


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