Organometallic Chemistry

Superseding Substrate Control with Catalyst Control to Improve Regioselectivity in Aryne Annulations

Authors

Abstract

The utility of reactions using unsymmetrically substituted aryne intermediates is negatively impacted by issues with regioselectivity. There have been numerous reports about how to enhance or reverse this regioselectivity in metal-free aryne reactions by altering the electronics of the substrate. To the best of our knowledge, no such studies exist for systems with metal-bound aryne intermediates, which often suffer from worse regioselectivities. Herein we report a means of achieving regioselectivity in a metal catalyzed aryne difunctionalization via catalyst control. Through the use of an unsymmetrical ligand environment, selectivity can be induced (up to 9:91 r.r.). Through Charton analysis the source of regioselectivity can be attributed to the interplay of ligand effects and aryne sterics. These investigations demonstrate that catalyst design can influence selectivity in metal-catalyzed aryne reactions.

Version notes

We have provided additional Charton analysis in order to support catalyst control.

Content

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Supplementary material

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SI
Experimental