NUPACK: Analysis and Design of Nucleic Acid Structures, Devices, and Systems

11 November 2022, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


NUPACK is a growing software suite for the analysis and design of nucleic acid structures, devices, and systems serving the needs of researchers in the fields of nucleic acid nanotechnology, molecular programming, synthetic biology, and across the life sciences. NUPACK algorithms are unique in treating complex and test tube ensembles containing arbitrary numbers of interacting strand species, providing crucial tools for capturing concentration effects essential to analyzing and designing the intermolecular interactions that are a hallmark of these fields. The all-new NUPACK web app ( has been re-architected for the cloud, leveraging a cluster that scales dynamically in response to user demand to enable rapid job submission and result inspection even at times of peak user demand. The web app exploits the all-new NUPACK 4 scientific code base as its backend, offering enhanced physical models (coaxial and dangle stacking subensembles), dramatic speedups (20-120x for test tube analysis), and increased scalability for large complexes. NUPACK 4 algorithms can also be run locally using the all-new NUPACK Python module.


secondary structure
complex ensemble
test tube ensemble
multi-tube ensemble
partition function
ensemble defect
reaction pathway engineering

Supplementary weblinks


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