Connecting the Dots for Fundamental Understanding of Structure-Photophysics-Property Relationships of COFs, MOFs, and Perovskites using a Multiparticle Holstein Formalism

10 November 2022, Version 2
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Photoactive organic and hybrid organic-inorganic materials, such as conjugated polymers, covalent organic frameworks (COFs), metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), and layered perovskites, display intriguing photophysical signatures upon interaction with light. Elucidating structure-photophysics-property relationships across a broad range of functional materials is nontrivial and requires our fundamental understanding of the intricate interplay among excitons (electron-hole pair), polarons (charges), bipolarons, phonons (vibrations), inter-layer stacking interactions, and different forms of structural and conformational defects. In parallel with electronic structure modeling and data-driven science that are actively pursued to successfully accelerate materials discovery, an accurate, computationally inexpensive, and physically-motivated theoretical model, which consistently makes quantitative connections with conceptually complicated experimental observations, is equally important. Within this context, the first part of this Perspective highlights a unified theoretical framework in which the electronic coupling as well as the local coupling between the electronic and nuclear degrees of freedom can be efficiently described for a wide range of quasiparticles with similarly structured Holstein-style Hamiltonians. The second part of this Perspective discusses excitonic and polaronic photophysical signatures in polymers, COFs, MOFs, and perovskites, and makes a unique attempt to bridge the gap between different research fields using a common theoretical construct - the Multiparticle Holstein Formalism. We envision that the synergistic integration of state-of-the-art computational approaches with the Multiparticle Holstein Formalism will help identify and establish new, transformative design strategies that will guide the synthesis and characterization of next-generation energy materials optimized for a broad range of optoelectronic, spintronic, and photonic applications.


covalent organic frameworks
metal-organic frameworks
charge transport
infrared absorption
UV-vis absorption
electron-phonon coupling
Holstein Hamiltonian


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