Band Inversion-Driven Warping and High Valley Degeneracy

31 October 2022, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Band inversion is a physical phenomenon which may cause warping of the bulk band structure in topological insulators, generating multiple electronic valleys for conducting carriers. However, the conditions under which band inversion induces warping are not well understood. Here, we derive two general conditions which must be satisfied for band warping to occur in topological insulators: (i) bands must be sufficiently inverted, and (ii) secondary bands must have opposite parity and be close in energy to the band edges. We chart the valley degeneracies that can emerge from band inversion in each of the 11 centrosymmetric point groups, demonstrating that an increase in the valley degeneracy between 2-fold and 48-fold is possible from band inversion. The generalized rules offer a novel band engineering approach by capitalizing on the unique electronic structures of topological insulators.


Topological insulators
Band inversion
Band engineering
Valley degeneracy
k.p theory


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