Produced Water Treatment By Electrocoagulation Process: Experimental and Modelling Study

31 August 2022, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Produced water (PW) is the largest by-product that comes out from wells during oil & gas (O&G) fields exploration. These waters contain high saline content along with other organic and inorganic composition. A mathematical model specifically for treatment of PW with electrocoagulation (EC) techniques has been developed. The mechanistic model considers the dominant Al species contribution to COD removal, multi-scale modelling of the EC reactor, the role of Al chloro complex species in impacting the COD removal and the development of mechanistic approach for the removal of COD by the Al complexes dominantly present in the system. The influence of experimental and model working parameters such as current density (10-20 mA/cm2), initial pH (3.1-8.6), interelectrode distance (1.35-4 cm), mixing speed (130-300 rpm) and scale up of EC reactor (0.3-1.5 L) on Al concentration and COD removal was investigated and modelled. The results showed that EC at the current density of 20 mA/cm2 enabled higher COD removal (78.3%) than at the current density of 10 mA/cm2 (68.3%) and 15 mA/cm2 (75%) and mathematical model prediction of COD removal fits well with the experimental data at 10 mA/cm2, and 15 mA/cm2 with R2 value of 0.96 and 0.97, respectively. The initial pH of 7.3 resulted in higher COD removal (95.85%) than the initial pH of 3.1 (64.5%), 6.1 (79.1%) and 8.6 (81.2%) and model reproduces a good fit at initial pH of 6.1, 7.3 and 8.6 with R2 value of 0.92, 0.96 and 0.98, respectively. The variation of constants involved in the model formulation was optimized according to the effect of model working parameters.


produced water
mathematical modelling
scale up reactor
current density
mixing speed
interelectrode distance


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.