Bioinspired Gradient Poly(ionic liquid) Ionogels for Ionic Skins with an Ultrawide Pressure Detection Range

30 August 2022, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Recently, with the increasing demand for artificial skins and human bodily motion/physical signals monitoring, flexible pressure sensors with a wide detection range are urgently needed. Transparent and stretchable gels with ionic conductivities are considered to be ideal candidates for flexible pressure sensors. However, the gel-based pressure sensors usually show a relatively narrow detection range, which significantly limits their practical applications. Herein, we report an unprecedented bioinspired highly flexible modulus/conductivity-dual-gradient poly(ionic liquid) (PIL) ionogel, which is achieved by constructing three layers of PIL ionogels with different monomer concentrations via a layer-by-layer gelation method. The flexible pressure sensor based on the gradient PIL ionogel exhibits an ultrabroad detection range of 10 Pa-1 MPa. This wearable pressure sensor is highly stable in environments and able to monitor both the tiny pressures as low as 10-100 Pa and the high pressures up to 0.1-1 MPa during human body movements. This work provides a powerful strategy for the preparation of flexible gradient materials that are promising for wearable electronics with a wide pressure detection range.


bioinspired gradient structures
flexible pressure sensor
ionic skin
wide detection ranges

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information
Supporting Information for the article "Bioinspired Gradient Poly(ionic liquid) Ionogels for Ionic Skins with an Ultrawide Pressure Detection Range"


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.