Electric Fields and Charge Separation for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrodes

19 August 2022, Version 2
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Activation losses at solid oxide-fuel cell (SOFC) electrodes have been widely attributed to charge transfer at the electrode surface. The electrostatic nature of electrode-gas interactions allows us to study these phenomena by simulating an electric field across the electrode-gas interface, where we are able to describe the activation overpotential using Density Functional Theory (DFT). The electrostatic responses to the electric field are used to approximate the behaviour of an electrode under electrical bias, and have found a correlation with experimental data for three different reduction reactions at a mixed ionic-electronic conducting (MIEC) electrode surfaces (H_2O and CO_2 on CeO_2), and {O_2 on LaFeO_3). In this work , we demonstrate the importance of decoupled ion-electron transfer and charged adsorbates on the performance of electrodes under nonequilibrium conditions. Finally, our findings on MIEC-gas interactions have potential implications in the fields of energy storage and catalysis.


Density Functional Theory
Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics
Electric Field

Supplementary materials

Electric Fields and Charge Separation for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrodes - Supplementary Materials
Supplementary Materials


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