The design of new plasmonic materials is essential for continued progress in light manipulation at nanometer length scales. Often, multimetallic nanoparticles exhibit superior catalytic, mechanical, or corrosion-resistant behavior compared to their unary counterparts. Despite these advantages, designing multimetallic plasmonic materials remains challenging because, except for Au, Ag, and Al, most metallic elements exhibit poor plasmonic behavior. Here, we describe a strategy for manipulating the plasmon resonances of noble metal nanoparticles by post-transition metal alloying. We show how the metallic properties of post-transition metals can be imparted onto the noble metals, enabling tunable higher energy plasmon resonances that maintain high extinction coefficients and enter into the ultraviolet. Importantly, theoretical analysis suggests that post-transition metal alloying with Bi, Ga, and In could enable analogously tunable plasmon resonances. Consequently, post-transition metal alloying provides a general strategy for realizing a new chemically diverse class of tunable plasmonic materials.
Additional methods and data. Added additoinal data.