Catalysis

Regio- and Stereoselective 1,2-Oxyhalogenation of Non-Conjugated Alkynes via Directed Nucleopalladation: Catalytic Access to Tetrasubstituted Alkenes

Authors

Abstract

A catalytic 1,2-oxyhalogenation method that converts non-conjugated internal alkynes into tetrasubstituted alkenes with high regio- and stereoselectivity is described. Mechanistically, the reaction involves a Pd(II)/Pd(IV) catalytic cycle that begins with a directed oxypalladation step. The origin of regioselectivity is the preference for formation of a six-membered palladacycle intermediate, which is facilitated by a N,N-bidentate 2-(pyridin-2-yl)isopropyl (PIP) amide directing group. Selectivity for C(alkenyl)–X versus –N (X = halide) reductive elimination from the Pd(IV) center depends on the identity of the halide anion; bromide and iodide engage in C(alkenyl)–X formation, while intramolecular C(alkenyl)–N reductive elimination occurs with chloride to furnish a lactam product. DFT calculations shed light on the origins of this phenomenon.

Content

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Supplementary material

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CIF_2o
Crystallographic Information File_Compound 2o
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Supporting Info
Experimental procedures, characterization data for new compounds, copies of NMR spectra, crystallographic details, and computational details