Conformer Selection Upon Dilution with Water: The Fascinating Case of Liquid Ethylene Glycol Studied via Molecular Dynamics Simulations

08 June 2022, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


The aqueous solution of ethylene glycol (EG) is a simple, yet a binary liquid mixture that displays rich conformational and structural behavior, which has not yet been adequately explored through atomistic molecular dynamics simulations. Herein, employing an accurate force field for EG, several physical properties of this solution are calculated to be in quantitative agreement with experimental data. While 79% of molecules in neat liquid EG exist with their central OCCO dihedral in the gauche state, this fraction increases to 89% in the dilute aqueous solution, in response to the increase in the static dielectric constant of the solution from that of neat liquid EG. The increase in gauche conformers increases the mean dipole moment of EG molecules in the solution which is additionally contributed via specific conformational states of the two terminal HOCC dihedral angles.


Molecular Dynamics Simulations
Dipole Moment
ethylene glycol
computer simulations


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