Inorganic Chemistry

Photoinduced charge transfer from quantum dots measured by cyclic voltammetry



Measuring and modulating charge-transfer processes at quantum dot interfaces are crucial steps in developing quantum dots as photocatalysts. In this work, cyclic voltammetry under illumination is demonstrated to measure the rate of photoinduced charge transfer from CdS quantum dots by directly probing the changing oxidation states of a library of molecular charge acceptors. The voltammetry data demonstrates the presence of long-lived electron donor states generated by native photodoping of the quantum dots as well as a positive correlation between driving force and rate of charge transfer. Changes to the voltammograms under illumination follow mechanistic predictions from classic zone diagrams and electrochemical modeling allows for measurement of the rate of productive electron transfer. Rate constants for photoinduced charge transfer on the order of 10^4 M-1s-1 are calculated, which are distinct from the picosecond dynamics measured by conventional transient optical spectroscopy methods and are more closely connected to the quantum yield of light mediated chemical transformations.


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Supplementary material

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Supporting Information
Additional experimental (synthesis and electrochemistry) details, calculations, and supplementary data.