Morphology control of carbon nanostructures is essential for improving their performance in many applications. Direct pyrolysis of organic precursors, however, usually yields bulk amorphous carbon. Therefore, traditional methods for controlling the morphology of carbon nanostructures involve multistep processes and complex precursor molecules. While various methods have been developed under ambient pressure, the impact of pressure on the morphology of the resulting carbon nanostructures remains unexplored. Herein, we present the synthesis of carbon nanorods by direct pyrolysis of the low-cost aliphatic hydrocarbon tetracosane under high pressure conditions. The diameters of the carbon nanorods are adjusted by simply varying the synthetic pressures. High pressure allows controlling both the nanorod morphology as well as the degree of order, and local conductivity of the thus prepared nanorods has been confirmed by conductive AFM measurements. Our method promises a convenient strategy to synthesize carbon nanostructures with controlled morphology and high ordered chemical structure, which opens opportunities for potential electronic and electrochemical applications.
High Pressure Induced Formation of Carbon Nanorods from Tetracosane
Supporting Information describing the synthesis and analysis of Carbon Nanorods