Comparison of three active 1,2-indanedione-zinc formulations for fingermark detection in the context of limited resources and supply chain risks in Seychelles

08 April 2022, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


This study compared the composition and effectiveness of three active 1,2-indanedione-zinc (IND-Zn) formulations for the detection of latent fingermarks on a variety of substrates commonly encountered in Seychelles. Fingermarks on five porous substrates were treated using IND-Zn formulations operationally used by the Australian Federal Police (AFP), UK Centre for Applied Science and Technology (CAST), and German Bundeskriminalamt (BKA). Despite the variations in composition, primarily associated with the difference in the carrier solvents, all three formulations gave similar sensitivity. However, BKA was identified as the most effective formulation in consideration of cost and supply chain issues, which could be adopted for use in resource-limited micro-jurisdictions with minimum modification. Further experiments also found that using ethanol as a substitute co- solvent to methanol did not significantly reduce sensitivity, which could provide a safer modification of the CAST formulation used in other regions. The findings provide the basis for developing an effective but sustainable IND-Zn formulation for the Seychelles Police, resilient to the challenges of resource limitations and supply chain disruption, which may also be applicable to other micro-jurisdictions.


Latent fingermarks
Fingermark detection
Forensic science
Paper substrates
amino acids


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.