On the Role of Solvent in the Formation of Vacancies on Ibuprofen Crystal Facets

22 March 2022, Version 2
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Surface defects play a crucial role in the process of crystal growth, as the incorporation of growth units generally takes place on under-coordinated sites on the growing crystal facet. In this work, we use molecular dynamics simulations to obtain information on the role of the solvent in the roughening of three morphologically-relevant crystal faces of form I of racemic ibuprofen. To this aim, we devise a computational strategy based on combining independent Well Tempered Metadynamics with Mean Force Integration. This approach enables us to evaluate the energetic cost associated with the formation of a surface vacancy for a set of ten solvents, covering a range of polarities and hydrogen-bonding ability. We find that both the mechanism of defect formation on these facets and the work associated with the process are indeed markedly solvent-dependent. The methodology developed in this work has been designed with the aim of capturing solvent effects at the atomistic scale while maintaining the computational efficiency necessary for implementation in high-throughput computational screenings of crystallization solvents.



Supplementary materials

Supplementary material
Additiona table, and information on the systems modelled.

Supplementary weblinks


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.