- Mingyu Liu The Scripps Research Institute - United States ,
- Juntao Sun The Scripps Research Institute - United States ,
- Tuğçe Erbay University of Pittsburgh ,
- Hui-Qi Ni The Scripps Research Institute - United States ,
- Raúl Martín-Montero The Scripps Research Institute - United States ,
- Peng Liu University of Pittsburgh ,
- Keary Engle The Scripps Research Institute - United States
Palladium(II)-catalyzed C(alkenyl)–H alkenylation enabled by a transient directing group (TDG) strategy is described. The dual catalytic process takes advantage of reversible condensation between an alkenyl aldehyde substrate and an amino acid TDG to facilitate coordination of the metal catalyst and subsequent C(alkenyl)–H activation by a tailored carboxylate base. The resulting palladacycle then engages an acceptor alkene, furnishing a 1,3-diene with high regio- and E/Z-selectivity. The reaction enables the synthesis of enantioenriched atropoisomeric 2-aryl-substituted 1,3-dienes, which have seldom been examined in previous literature. Catalytically relevant alkenyl palladacycles were synthesized and characterized by X-ray crystallography, and the energy profiles of the C(alkenyl)–H activation step and the stereoinduction model were elucidated by density functional theory (DFT) calculations.