Conical intersection and coherent vibrational dynamics in alkyl iodides captured by attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy

23 February 2022, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


The photodissociation dynamics of alkyl iodides along the C-I bond are captured by attosecond extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) transient absorption spectroscopy employing resonant ~20 fs UV pump pulses. The methodology of previous experiments on CH3I [Chang, et al., J. Chem. Phys. 154, 234301 (2021)] is extended to the investigation of a C-I bond-breaking reaction in the dissociative A-band of C2H5I, i-C3H7I, and t-C4H9I. Probing iodine 4d core-to-valence transitions in the XUV enables one to map wave packet bifurcation at a conical intersection in the A-band as well as coherent vibrations in the ground state of the parent molecules. Analysis of spectroscopic bifurcation signatures yields conical intersection crossing times, found to be 15 ± 4 fs for CH3I, 14 ± 5 fs for C2H5I, and 24 ± 4 fs for i-C3H7I and t-C4H9I. Observations of coherent vibrations, resulting from a projection of A-band structural dynamics onto the ground state by resonant impulsive stimulated Raman scattering (RISRS), indirectly reveal multimode C-I stretch and CCI bend vibrations in the A-band of C2H5I, i-C3H7I, and t-C4H9I.


conical intersection
nonadiabatic dynamics
molecular dynamics
vibrational coherence
ultrafast spectroscopy
attosecond XUV pulses
alkyl iodides

Supplementary materials

Supplementary Information
Contains the supplementary material of the main manuscript.


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