Synthesis and styrene copolymerization of dimethyl, dimethoxy, and halogen ring-substituted isopropyl cyanophenylacrylates

15 February 2022, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Novel trisubstituted ethylenes, dimethyl, dimethoxy, and halogen ring-substituted isopropyl cyanophenylacrylates, RPhCH=C(CN)CO2CH(CH3)2 (where R is 2,3-dimethyl, 2,4-dimethyl, 2,5-dimethyl, 2,6-dimethyl, 3,4-dimethyl, 3,5-dimethyl, 2,3-dimethoxy, 2,4-dimethoxy, 2,5-dimethoxy, 2-Br, 3-Br, 4-Br, 2-Cl, 3-Cl, 4-Cl, 2-F, 3-F, 4-F) were prepared and copolymerized with styrene. The monomers were synthesized by the piperidine catalyzed Knoevenagel condensation of ring-substituted benzaldehydes and isopropyl cyanoacetate and characterized by CHN elemental analysis, IR, 1H- and 13C-NMR. All the ethylenes were copolymerized with styrene in solution with radical initiation (ABCN) at 70C. The composition of the copolymers was calculated from nitrogen analysis, and the structures were analyzed by IR, 1H and 13C-NMR, GPC, DSC, and TGA. Decomposition of the copolymers in nitrogen occurred in two steps, first in the 219-500C range with residue (0.9-5.6 % wt), which then decomposed in the 500-800ºC range.


Knoevenagel condensation
styrene copolymerization


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