Organic Chemistry

Controlling the Emitter Orientation in Solution-processed Films through Introduction of Mesogenic Groups within a Multi-resonance Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Emitter



The use of thermally activated delayed fluorescence emitters and emitters that show preferential horizontal orientation of their transition dipole are two emerging strategies to enhance the efficiency of organic light-emitting diodes. We present the first example of a liquid crystalline multi-resonance thermally activated delayed fluorescent emitter, DiKTaLC. The neat film of DiKTaLC shows a photoluminescence quantum yield of 41%, a singlet-triplet energy gap, ΔEST, of 0.20 eV, and a delayed lifetime, τd, of 70.2 µs. The compound possesses a nematic discotic liquid crystalline phase between 80 °C and 110 °C. More importantly, the transition dipole moment of the spin-coated film shows preferential horizontal orientation, with an anisotropy factor, a, of 0.26. We thus demonstrate for the first time how self-assembly of a liquid crystalline TADF emitter can lead to the so-far elusive control of the orientation of the transition dipole in solution-processed films, which will be of relevance for high-performance solution-processed organic light-emitting diodes.


Thumbnail image of TADF crystaline ver 10.pdf

Supplementary material

Thumbnail image of TADF crystaline ESI ver 6.pdf