Benenodin-1 is a thermally-actuated lasso peptide rotaxane switch with two primary translational isomers that differ in the relative position of residue Gln15. The conversion from one conformer to the other involves substantial enthalpy-entropy compensation: one conformer is energetically-favored and the other is entropically-favored. Here, we take a multi-scale quantum mechanical (QM) and classical molecular dynamics (MD) approach to reveal residue-specific sources of these differences in stability. QM reveals that the two benenodin-1 conformers involve distinct hydrogen bonding networks, with the enthalpically-favored conformer having more intra-peptide hydrogen bonds between Gln15 sidechain and nearby residues. Evaluation of configurational entropy over the MD-sampled geometries reveals that the entropically-favored conformer has enhanced conformational flexibility. By computing the by-residue-sum entropies, we identify the role of Gln15 and neighboring Glu14 in mediating the entropic variation during the switching process. These computational insights help explain the effects of Glu14Ala and Gln15Ala mutations on the conformational population of benenodin-1 observed experimentally.
Supporting Information zip file of structures
Supporting information zip file of structures
Supporting Information PDF
A PDF of Supporting Information Figures and Tables