Polymorphism of boron phosphide: Theoretical and experimental assessments

25 January 2022, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Stable crystal structures of wurtzite (w-BP) and recently discovered rhombohedral (rh-BP) polymorphic modifications of boron phosphide were obtained based on crystal chemistry rationale and unconstrained geometry optimization calculations within the density functional theory (DFT), and compared with known cubic polymorph (c-BP). Both w-BP and rh-BP are mechanically (elastic constants) and dynamically (phonons) stable and exhibit thermodynamic and mechanical properties very close to those of c-BP. The electronic band structures depict semi-conducting behavior with band gap magnitudes close to 0.5 eV for cubic and rhombohedral polymorphs and 1 eV for w-BP.


boron phosphide
crystal structures
mechanical properties
electronic band structures


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