A quantitive microscale dynamic column breakthrough apparatus for measurement of unary and binary adsorption equilibrium on milligram quantities of adsorbent

11 January 2022, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


A microscale dynamic column breakthrough (μDCB) apparatus with the ability to measure unary and binary adsorption equilibrium on a milligram-scale quantity of adsorbent is described. The μDCB is a low cost system that can be constructed through minor modifications of a commercial gas chromatograph and uses a thermal conductivity detector. The small scale of the apparatus allows for the rapid collection of dynamic column breakthrough experiments. The mass balances for adsorption and desorption experiments were derived along with a description of the blank. The μDCB apparatus was tested with 238.9 mg of zeolite 13X and 180.2 mg of activated carbon with single-component N2/He and CH4/He adsorption and desorption measurements. The measured equilibrium data agreed well with volumetrically collected data. These measurements are both accurate and precise. Multicomponent adsorption was also studied on zeolite 13X and activated carbon for CH4/N2 and CO2/CH4 mixtures. This data was compared with ideal and adsorbed solution theory, extended dual-site Langmuir calculations and the literature.


Dynamic column breakthrough
adsorption isotherm
adsorbent characterization

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information
Error Analysis, Picture of equipment, complete breakthrough curves for all unary and binary experiments


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