Modulating the Frontier Orbitals of an Aluminylene for Facile Dearomatization of Inert Arenes

29 December 2021, Version 2
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Lewis bases are well known to stabilize electron-deficient species. We demonstrate herein that the redox property of a monocoordinated aluminylene 1 featuring only four valence electrons for the shell of Al can be boosted by a Lewis base. The coordination of 1 with an N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) effectively shrinks the HOMO−LUMO gap, thereby enhancing the reactivity of the ensuing acyclic mono-NHC-stabilized aluminylene 2, which is isoelectronic with singlet carbenes. Moreover, such base coordination completely reverses the predominant chemical reactivity (i.e. electrophilicity/nucleophilicity) of aluminylenes. In marked contrast to 1, 2 readily undergoes a [4+1] cycloaddition reaction with naphthalene and biphenylene at room temperature. Remarkably, the enhanced ambiphilic nature of Al in 2 also enables facile cleavage of aromatic C−C bonds of inert arenes in both intra- and intermolecular fashion affording 3 and 5. The formation of 5 represents the first example of the cleavage of aromatic C(3)−C(4) bond in biphenylene by a single atom center.


Small Molecule Activation
Frontier Orbitals

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information


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