Organic Chemistry

Reaction of irbesartan with nitrous acid produces irbesartan oxime derivatives, rather than N-nitrosoirbesartan



In October 2021, an India-based pharmaceutical company withdrew a number of batches of irbesartan and irbesartan hydrochlorothiazide finished products from the US market, due to the presence of unacceptable level of the “probably carcinogenic” nitrosamine “N-nitrosoirbesartan”. Nevertheless, there is no revealing of the exact structure of this so called “N-nitrosoirbesartan”. In the current study, we performed a set of 10 reactions of irbesartan with nitrous acid under various conditions and found no trace of this “N-nitrosoirbesartan” by a sensitive and accurate LC-MS method with limit of detection (LOD) of 30 ppb. With the use of LC-PDA/UV-high resolution MSn as well as 1D/2D NMR, the reaction products formed are found to be the two isomeric oxime derivatives of irbesartan, with the Z-isomer as the predominant product. Furthermore, no trace of this “N-nitrosoirbesartan” can be detected in representative commercial batches of irbesartan. Despite of the fact that in silico evaluation suggests that the two irbesartan oximes may be controlled as regular impurities, analysis of representative irbesartan commercial batches by the LC-MS method indicates that the oximes are not detected (LOD: 30 ppb).


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Supplementary material

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Supporting information
Supplementary figures and table.