A Porphyrin Pentamer as a Bright Emitter for NIR OLEDs

16 December 2021, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


The luminescence and electroluminescence of an ethyne-linked zinc(II) porphyrin pentamer have been investigated, by testing blends in two different conjugated polymer matrices, at a range of concentrations. The best results were obtained for blends with the conjugated polymer PIDT-2TPD, at a porphyrin loading of 1 wt%. This host matrix was selected because the excellent overlap between its emission spectrum and the absorption spectrum of the porphyrin oligomer leads to efficient energy transfer. Thin films of this blend exhibit intense fluorescence in the near-infrared (NIR), with a peak emission wavelength of 886 nm and a photoluminescent quantum yield (PLQY) of 27% in the solid state. Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) fabricated with this blend as the emissive layer achieve average external quantum efficiencies (EQE) of 2.0% with peak emission at 830 nm and a turn-on voltage of 1.6 V. This performance is remarkable for a singlet NIR-emitter; 93% of the photons are emitted in the NIR (λ > 700 nm), indicating that conjugated porphyrin oligomers are promising emitters for non-toxic NIR OLEDs.



Supplementary materials

Supplementary Information
experimental procedures, electrochemical data, solution-phase absorption and fluorescence spectra, time-resolved fluorescence, electroluminescence spectra, current density/radiance versus bias voltage plots and table of OLED performance parameters


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