Physical Chemistry

A platform for stop flow gradient generation to investigate chemotaxis

Authors

Abstract

The ability of artificial microswimmers to respond to external stimuli and the mechanistical details of their origins belong to the most disputed challenges in interdisciplinary science. Therein, the creation of chemical gradients is technically challenging, because they quickly level out due to diffusion. Inspired by pivotal stopped flow experiments in chemical kinetics, we show that microfluidics gradient generation combined with a pressure feedback loop for precisely controlling the stop of the flows, can enable us to study mechanistical details of chemotaxis of artificial Janus micromotors, based on a catalytic reaction. We find that these copper Janus particles display a chemotactic motion along the concentration gradient in both, positive and negative direction and we demonstrate the mechanical reaction of the particles to small forces deviations, explaining this behaviour.

Content

Thumbnail image of Chemotaxis_paper_Xiao.pdf

Supplementary material

Thumbnail image of Chemotaxis_paperSI.pdf
Supporting Info
SI containing video descriptions and additional materials on experiments and simulations
Thumbnail image of Video S1_Xiao.avi
Supporting Video 1
Stopping the flow with inactive Janus particles
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Supporting Video 2
Cu Janus particles moving in a H2O2 gradient
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Supporting Video 3
Cu Janus particles moving in a homogeneously concentrated H202 solution